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Bierstadt began to establish his reputation as a landscape painter by working up his views of European scenery, but soon the American landscape beckoned. In the Rockies he found an American wilderness seen by few artists and one, moreover, that rivalled the Alps. The effects of light and shade and colour reminded him of Italy. Canadian Rockies is a slice of the Selkirk Range. Here light shines blindingly on frosted peaks, set off against the dark zone of evergreens. Everything leads the eye upward to the majesty of the mountain range: the vertical formats,the zigzag arrangement of fallen logs in the foreground, the arrows of the trees in the middle distance.

  Claude Monet, French painter was the initiator, leader, and unswerving advocate of the Impressionist style. It was his childhood, spent along the beaches, and the intimate knowledge he gained of the sea and the rapidly shifting Normandy weather that would one day give rise to his fresh vision of nature. But his life as a painter did not begin until he was introduced to the practice— then uncommon—of painting in the open air. The experience set the direction for Monet, who for more than 60 years would concentrate on visible phenomena and on the innovation of effective methods to transform perception into pigment. Two years before the Impressionist movement officially came into existence, Monet painted this scene which has all its features, in particular the famous fragmented brush stroke.

Edouard Manet was born in Paris, France, in 1832. He led the French transition from realism to impressionism. Manet’s most famous works include “The Luncheon on the Grass and Olympia”. He was Known and respected as a revolutionary artist The Railway, widely known as Gare Saint Lazare (the largest and busiest train stations in Paris at the time) is an 1873 painting by Manet. It is the last painting by him of his favourite model, the fellow painter Victorine Meurent. She is depicted sitting to the left, in front of an iron fence. Next to her is a little girl modelled by the daughter of Manet’s neighbour,Watching through the railings as a train passes beneath them. The only evidence of the train is its white cloud of steam. Outfitted in blue and white the models are enigmatic presences

 

 

Van Gogh, a postimpressionist painter whose work, notable for its beauty, emotion and colour, had no formal art training and took lessons on his own by studying art books. He struggled with mental illness, and died in France, at age 37, from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. Boats On The Beach At Saintes Maries is a fluid expression of a serene scene rather than a reproduction from life. Van Gogh was able to sketch the boats which left very early each day; the rest he completed from memory later in the day creating a gentle expression of the everyday fishing scene. 

 

 

Jan van Eyck’s artistic prestige rests partly on his unrivalled skill in pictorial illusionism. Commentators have expressed their awe and astonishment at his ability to mimic reality and, in particular, to re-create the effects of light on different surfaces, from dull reflections on opaque surfaces to luminous, shifting highlights on metal or glass. Van Eyck used the technique of applying layer after layer of thin translucent glazes to create a painting with an intensity of tone and colour. The colours help to highlight the realism and to show the wealth and opulence of Arnolfini's world. The portrait has been considered as a unique form of marriage contract, recorded as a painting. 

 

Leonardo da Vinci, the “Renaissance man” is known for his paintings, architect, and inventions in art. He is still the ideal - best known for his art, including two paintings that are among the best - most famous and admired, Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. He is the most influential artist of all times. Announcement to Maria is the visualization of Angel Gabriel, sent by God to announce to the Virgin, Mary that she will unbelievably give birth to a son, to be named Jesus and he will be called "the Son of God" whose power will always prevail in this world. 

 

 

Johannes Vermeer is one of the most highly regarded Dutch artists of all time. His works have been a source of inspiration and fascination for centuries. Some experts believe that he was influenced by the works of Rembrandt and Caravaggio. Many of his masterworks focus on domestic scenes. Girl with a Pearl Earring is Vermeer’s most famous painting. It is not a portrait, but a ‘tronie’ – a painting of an imaginary figure. Tronies depict a certain type or character; in this case a girl in exotic dress, wearing a Turkish turban and an improbably large pearl in her ear.